Aravinda S. Rao, Jayavardhana Gubbi, Marimuthu Palaniswami
Advances in Signal Processing and Intelligent Recognition Systems, Volume 425, pp. 407-418
Publication year: 2015

Abstract

Anomalous event detection is one of the important applications in crowd monitoring. The detection of anomalous crowd events requires feature matrix to capture the spatio-temporal information to localize the events and detect the outliers. However, feature matrices often become computationally expensive with large number of features becomes critical for large-scale and real-time video analytics. In this work, we present a fast approach to detect anomalous crowd events and frames. First, to detect anomalous crowd events, the motion features are captured using the optical flow and a feature matrix of motion information is constructed and then subjected to nonlinear dimensionality reduction (NDR) using the Isometric Mapping (ISOMAP). Next, to detect anomalous crowd frames, the method uses four statistical features by dividing the frames into blocks and then calculating the statistical features for the blocks where objects were present. The main focus of this study is to understand the effect of large feature matrix size on detecting the anomalies with respect to computational time. Experiments were conducted on two datasets: (1) Performance Evaluation of Tracking and Surveillance (PETS) 2009 and (2) Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) 2011. Experiment results suggest that the ISOMAP NDR reduces the computation time significantly, more than ten times, to detect anomalous crowd events and frames. In addition, the experiment revealed that the ISOMAP provided an upper bound on the computational time.